HIV/AIDS in African American Women
In 2015, African Americans represented 12% of the US population, yet accounted for 45% (17,670) of all HIV diagnoses. Also in 2015, despite an overall decline in the number of women diagnosed, African-American women represented 61% of the diagnoses among women that year.
Black women are diagnosed with HIV at a rate 16 times higher than white women in America. The annual number of black women diagnosed with HIV is 26.2 per 100,000 black women. Blacks/African Americans continue to experience higher rates of HIV compared to other races and ethnicities.
In the United States, African Americans continue to experience the greatest burden of HIV compared to other races and ethnicities. Hispanics/Latinos are also disproportionately affected by HIV as well.
HIV/AIDS and Women of Color
Rates of HIV infection are disproportionately high among young women of color*, especially those who are members of the working poor and, therefore, lack health insurance and/or easy access to health care. These young women need gender-specific and culturally appropriate HIV prevention programs.
Latin American women continue to be disproportionately impacted by HIV/AIDS in the United States. Hispanics/Latinos represented about 18% of the US population, but accounted for 24% (9,290) of HIV diagnoses.
In 2013, there were an estimated 15 percent of Latin American women living with HIV, although they only represent only 17 percent of the US population. In 2015, the rate of diagnosis is three times more than white women according to the CDC website.
Young Women of Color Suffer High Rates of HIV Infection.
- Black women and Latina women account for 79 percent of all reported HIV infections among 13- to 19-year-old women and 75 percent of HIV infections among 20- to 24-year-old women in the United States although, together, they represent only about 26 percent of U.S. women these ages. 
- Black women account for 60 percent of cumulative AIDS cases among women ages 13 to 24, although they are only about 14 percent of women this age. Latinas represent 19 percent of cumulative AIDS cases among young women, although Latinas comprise only about 12 percent of the female population this age. [2,3]
- Asian and Pacific Islanders (API) and American Indians and Alaska natives account for about one percent of reported HIV infections among women ages 13 to 24.2.
Transgendered Women and HIV
Transgender women are one of the groups most affected by the HIV epidemic and are 49 times more likely to be living with HIV than the general population.1 Globally, it is estimated that around 19% of transgender women are living with HIV.2 The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports that more than one in four trans women – including more than half of Black trans women – are living with HIV.
- Transgender women are extremely vulnerable to HIV infection and being one of the most highly affected populations in the United States.
- “56% of Black/African American transgender women had positive HIV test results compared to 17% of white or 16% of Hispanic/Latina transgender women”.
- From 2009 to 2014, 2,351 transgender people were diagnosed with HIV in the United States. Eighty-four percent (1,974) were transgender women, 15% (361) were transgender men, and less than 1% (16) had another gender identity.
Women aged 50 or over with HIV
- One in seven new diagnoses of HIV or AIDS is in a person over 50.
- According to CDC website, “In 2013, people aged 55 and older accounted for more than one-quarter (26%, or 319,900) of the estimated 1.2 million people living with diagnosed or undiagnosed HIV infection in the United States.”
- In 2013, an estimated 42% of Americans living with diagnosed HIV were aged 50 and older, 25% were aged 55 and older, and 6% were aged 65 and older.
Rural women in US
- Approximately 50,000 of the estimated US population age 13 and older living with HIV at the end of 2009 and 7.7 percent of new diagnosis were in rural areas.
- HIV infection rates among rural women are increasing, particularly in African American women.
- Rural areas have included about 5% to 8% of all U.S HIV cases.